Spanish Pundit (II)

marzo 29, 2007

Spanish Defense Minister acknowledges the danger in Afghanistan

Filed under: Afganistán,Spain,terrorismo,terroristas — Nora @ 12:44 pm

El Diario Exterior [in Spanish]:

“In Afghanistan there is an important level of unsecurity”, with these words Spanish Minsiter of Defense, José Antonio Alonso, has admitted about the situation in the country where Spain has sent troops.

In his appearance before the Congress’ Commission of Defense, Alonso has revealed “two significative incidents”: one on Dec 13th and other on March 15th. On March 15th a device exploded at 200 metres from a military convoy, when a motorcycle driven by 2 Afghan civil people exploded.

According to Alonso, in the explosion one of the Afghan was killed when he was manipulating the device, with which they were going to attack Spanish forces or from other countries. About the other incident, happened on Dec 13th, he detailed that it was a suicide attack, in which his author was killed and there were no hurt in the Spanish forces, who came back to base with no problems.

But the motive of his appearance before the Congress’ commission has been the explosion which killed Spanish soldier Idoia Rodríaguez, of which he said that in the attack was used a “very potent anti-tank mine”, which were used in 2001, before the entry of international allied troops in the country.

He also mentioned that the mine had between 6.2 to 6.9 kgs of explosive, used normally by the insurgence. This mine is extremelly dangerous and potent.

He also admitted that the soldiers who go on mission, take risks and added that the Government is compromised on the reconstruction and help to the Afghan people. After reassuring that the militar presence in Afghanistan “is not war-like”, he stated that, thanks to the Spanish soldiers more than 20 tons of humanitarian help had been given to Afghan people.

It is especially curious that he remarked that Afghanistan is a not war-like operation, because just afterwards he added Spanish troops were “protecting the rear of the Allied troops that are fighting Taliban [Operation Achilles]. We would never be very effective if we let pass the Taliban that are fleeing from combats“.

As ever lies, and more lies…

h/t Etimologías.

Related news: Prodi backed in Afghan vote. h/t Poliblog. The most interesting thing here is the position of Berlusconi:

In previous votes on Afghanistan, he has been propped up by the centre-right opposition led by Silvio Berlusconi, which supports the deployment.

But Mr Berlusconi has become more critical – notably of the way in which the government negotiated the release of an Italian journalist kidnapped in Afghanistan by the Taleban, a deal which saw five Taleban prisoners freed in exchange.

Looks like Berlusconi had listened then to some of the most prominent Italian bloggers who were against backing Prodi because that only meant backing his [disastrous] policy.

Related posts:

About Idoia’s death: Spanish soldier killed in Afghanistan.

About Afghanistan: Problems for Prodi after Aghan Taliban freed, Italian reported freed…, Al-Qaeda amenaza a España por presencia en Afganistán, Afghanistan: last news, Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2006, Some links.


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Italians charged in EU bribe case

Filed under: corrupción,Europa,Italy — Nora @ 9:54 am

From Deustche-Welle:

Three Italian nationals have been charged and are being held in custody in Brussels as part of a corruption probe into tenders awarded by the European Commission.

The three include a civil servant working for the European Commission, an assistant to a member of the European Parliament and a businessman, Belgian prosecutors said on Wednesday.

The three men, who live in Belgium and whose names were not given, were charged with forgery and using forged documents, corruption, fraud and forming a criminal organization, said spokesman Jos Colpin.

Large-scale bribery

“There were bribes of millions of euros for more than 10 years,” Colpin said.

The bribes were paid in relation to public tenders for buildings housing “European Commission delegations outside of EU territory,” he said.

The civil servant, aged 46, works for the Commission services responsible for managing delegations’ infrastructure.

The second person charged, aged 60, is the personal assistant of an Italian member of the European Parliament and the third person, 39, runs a real estate consortium.

Let’s see how far the accusation goes. But there is something that intrigues me: why telling all those data about the accusated men and not telling their names?

UPDATE: Italian Newspaper Corriere della Sera reports that the accused Italians are Sergio Tricarico, that is the assistant to the European Parliamentary Gianni Rivera, Giancarlo Ciotti, the Commission civil servant and Angelo Troiiano, the businessman.

It also reports that the accusation was made after charges were presented against the three of them were by a Finnish businessmen, who claimed he had been obliged to give them 345 millions of € (and he had to give them more, till 600 millions of €). The Finnish was going to build a Commission delegation in India.

Neither the Commission nor the accused have made any comments.

h/t Le Guerre Civile.

_________________

Tres Italianos han sido acusados y detenidos en Bruselas como parte de un procedimiento de corrupción en relación a sitios que son entregados por la Comisión Europea. Incluyen un funcionario que trabaja para la Comisión, un asistente de un miembro del Parlamento Europeo y un empresario, según los fiscales de la UE.

Los tres hombres, que viven en Bélgica y cuyos nombres no han sido anunciados, han sido acusados de falsificación y de uso de documentos falsificados, corrupción, fraude y formación de una organización criminal, según el portavoz Jos Colpin.

“Hubo sobornos de millones de euros durante más de 10 años!, añadió Colpin.

Los sobornos se pagaron en relación a solares públicos para construir “delegaciones de la Comisión Europea fuera del territorio de la UE.

El funcionario, de 46 años, trabaja para los servicios de la Comisión responsables de la infraestructura de las delegaciones.

La segunda persona acusada, de 60 años es un asistente personal de un miembro italiano del Parlamento Europeo y la tercera persona, de 39 años, dirige un consorcio de promoción y venta de inmuebles.

ACTUALIZACIÓN: el Corriere della Sera ha dado los nombres de los acusados: Sergio Tricarico, asistente personal del Parlamentario Italiano Gianni Rivera, Giancarlo Ciotti, que es el funcionario de la Comisión, y Angelo Troiiano, el empresario.

También añade que fue un empresario finlandés el que presentó cargos contra ellos tres, porque ya había pagado 345 millones de euros (de un total de 600 millones) para construir una delegación de la UE en India.

Ni la Comisión ni los acusados han hecho comentario alguno.


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marzo 28, 2007

The price of freedom in the Basque Country

Filed under: Spain,terrorismo,terroristas,violencia — Nora @ 11:02 pm

I have not written about the most degrading act perpetrated this week. And I am going to do it now.

Some months ago, the lehendakari Ibarretxe -one of the most hypocrite men I know- had a meeting with Otegi, the leader of the illegalised Batasuna, ETA political party. According to the Political Parties Law, an illegalised formation, as does not exist, cannot be represented and anyone having meetings with them should be punished.

So the Foro de Ermua, one of the organisations which have been fighting for freedom in the Basque Country, accused Ibarretxe of “illegal meeting”. But this guy, who thinks that being lehendakari [that is, President] gives him a right to think himself above the others, said that accusing him before a judge meant to go against the Basque institutions.

Of course, people from Basque Nationalist Party, to whom this man belongs, do not think that Judges are their institutions, because they can’t appoint them, so they do not have power over their decisions.

So the view was signaled for last March 26th. And there they went some members of Foro de Ermua, such as Iñaki Ezkerra or Antonio Aguirre, and some others of Dignidad y Justicia [that is Dignity and Justice], among them Daniel Portero, a son of a Spanish prosecutor killed by ETA terrorists. All of them were accusation in the process.

But Ibarretxe had called the people from his party and they had gone to support him. So they began insulting the members of Foro de Ermua and Dignidad y Justicia, calling them murders, killers and fascists. So Antonio Aguirre, after hearing all of that shouted “Hurra to Freedom”. Then he was punched in the bullocks and the people surrounding him shouted “Que se muera, que se muera”, that is “Just die”. His bodyguards detained the agressor but the erztaintza has let him loose. They were laughing and smiling while this man, who is menaced by ETA, was in the ground, in terrible pain:

The agression was widely critisized. For example, the Defensor del Pueblo [can be translated to Defender of the People], Fernando Múgica, whose brother was also killed by ETA terrorists, said that “this people use indistinctively the shoot in the neck, the bomb or the punching in the bullocks“.

Popular Party has identified the agressor: his name is Alejandro Aramburu Corral, a town counsellor from Basque Nationalist Group, named in 2005 by the Bilbao Major, Iñaki Azcuna, who has been asked to cease him in the post.

Foro de Ermua has already denounced the culprit. Theye have also denounced the ertzaintza because they let the agressor loose.

So, the Basque Nationalist Party is going to denounce 10 persons -who were the members of Foro de Ermua and Dignidad y Justicia- because of “illegal concentration“. Oh, please, come one, don’t make me laugh… of pity for so miserable persons…

Mikel Buesa, the President of Foro de Ermua, has accused the Basque Nationalist Party of “legitimising the violence made by its militants“.

Popular Party has also remarked that the agressor was set loose because he works for Ertzaintza.

Others blogging about this: Criterio, Incompetencia.com.

Related news: 30 kilos of explosive has been found in a house in the city of Andoain [Basque Country]. There were also detonators, 8 temporizers and other tools and substances to make more explosives. The detained [8 people] were trying to resuscitate the Donosti commando, one of the bloddiest ETA commandos. You can read it in 20 minutos.es, ABC.es, ElMundo. They had the order and all the methods to make new attacks: LD.

ETA has presented the new party for the next elections: Aberztalen Sozialisten Batasunen. ABC.es,

Zapatero denies ordering anything to the Prosecutors in the “Otegi process”. ABC.es,


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Un Human Rights Commission

Filed under: Naciones Unidas — Nora @ 7:46 pm

Some days ago I wrote that some countries suspected of HR abuses want to dismantle the UNHR Council. You have to see this video [in English]:

Faced with compelling reports from around the world of torture, persecution, and violence against women, what has the Council pronounced, and what has it decided?

Nothing. Its response has been silence. Its response has been indifference. Its response has been criminal.

More in the link.

________________

Para los lectores en español, Luis lo ha traducido. ;D.


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marzo 27, 2007

Darfur update

Filed under: Derechos Humanos,Islamismo,Sudan — Nora @ 9:07 pm

The Independent:

Flying over the vast expanse of Chadian desert to get to the refugee camps housing tens of thousands of refugees from Darfur, you get a very clear picture of what normal villages look like on both sides of the border. Small clusters of perhaps 10 to 20 thatched huts are ringed by fences made out of branches of the thorn tree. Sometimes a few kilometres away there will be another cluster of huts, but sometimes a village is isolated.

I had no trouble imaging an attack by Sudanese forces and their Janjaweed militias. This was my second trip to the camps and the day before, a group of despairing women I met with in the Gaga Camp – the only one of twelve camps in Chad that is still accepting refugees from Darfur – had talked about the attacks they had lived through. They all described the chaos and terror in their villages as men attacked on camel and horseback, accompanied by Sudanese government troops in vehicles, in the early hours of the morning, while most were still sleeping.

Sweeping through a village, the men would shoot at anything that moved. Livestock was stolen or killed; the same with crops – stolen or destroyed. The village then would be burned to the ground. Hundreds and hundreds of villages throughout Darfur have suffered that fate in the Khartoum-orchestrated counterinsurgency war that has primarily targeted defenceless civilians.

Another tactic used throughout this war that erupted in 2003, when rebels began attacking Sudanese military targets in Darfur, is rape – rape as a weapon of war. In Bredging refugee camp, I was able to meet a group of 30 women for an hour – and within that hour, five women described their own rapes, always gang rape. Rape to destroy not only the women, but their families and communities. One of the women was 35, the mother of eight children. When her husband learned that she had been raped repeatedly by Janjaweed fighters, he divorced her on the spot and she has been alone since. Another of the women – age 17 – was rejected by her fiance after her rape.

READ IT ALL. IT’S VERY IMPORTANT

African Union soldiers on patrol in the town of Muhujariya in south Darfur. Photograph: Khaled el Fiqi/EPA
African Union soldiers on patrol in the town of Muhujariya in south Darfur. Photograph: Khaled el Fiqi/EPA

Blair has already threatened to employ force in Darfur.

Mr Blair has been pushing for much tougher international action against Sudan since President Omar Hassan al-Bashir reneged earlier this month on last November’s agreement to allow UN peacekeepers into Darfur to protect civilians.

Talks are under way in the UN security council over a package of sanctions being pushed by Britain and the US, which includes a comprehensive arms embargo and the freezing assets of Sudanese leaders implicated in the Darfur ethnic cleansing.

Speaking in Berlin on Sunday, Mr Blair described the situation in Darfur as “intolerable” and said: “We need to consider a no-fly zone to prevent the use of Sudanese air power against refugees and displaced people.”

Also German PM Angela Merkel has spoken about Darfur:

German Chancellor Angela Merkel offered harsh criticism of Sudan’s President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for not allowing United Nations peacekeepers into the country. Her remarks came amid the pomp of the European Union’s 50th anniversary celebrations in Berlin.

“We think of the people in Zimbabwe and Darfur. The suffering there is unbearable,” Merkel said. “We must look at stronger sanctions.”

The Sudanese government in Khartoum has blocked plans to deploy UN peacekeepers to replace African Union troops struggling to contain the violence in the western region. The EU imposed an arms embargo on Khartoum in January 2004. But this weekend EU leaders and human rights activists said more needs to be done to end one of the world’s worst humanitarian disasters.

[…] Blair was accompanied by Ishag Mekki, a representative of a London-based group, Darfur Union. Mekki’s elder sister, a mother of eight, was killed in her home in Darfur. Mekki issued an emotional plea to world leaders to help stop. The EU should not celebrate its achievements of the past century while people in Darfur are being killed, Mekki said.

Every time genocide happens the leaders of the EU say ‘never again,'” Mekki said. “These are empty words because it is happening now.”

Well, let’s wait and see.

______________________________

El periódico inglés The Independent ha publicado un relato sobre cómo se vive en un campo de refugiados a los que están huyendo personas de Chad tras los ataques de los Janjaweed. Dice que lo normal es que entren en un poblado y disparen a todo lo que se mueve. También violan a las mujeres siempre en grupo para dañar tanto a ellas como a las familias. Normalmente, después de la violación son abandonadas.

Blair quiere que se apruebe una resolución en la que se establezca una zona en la que esté prohibido volar para que no puedan ser bombardeados desde el aire.

Merkel también ha insitido en que la situación es insostenible.

Mientras, el genocidio continúa. Mekki, cuya hermana, madre de 8 hijos, fue asesinada en Darfur, dice que “cada vez que un genocidio sucede, los líderes de la UE dicen “nunca jamás”. Estas son palabras vacías porque se está produciendo ahora”. Y los años que lleva …

Por cierto, Italian Blogs for Darfur nos ha ofrecido la posibilidad de hacer un “Blogroll de Blogs Españoles por Darfur”. Sólo tendríais que postear algo sobre Darfur cada semana. Y de esa manera más personas conocerían más cosas sobre lo que pasa allí. Que ya sé que lo que está pasando aquí es suficientemente grave como para estar muy preocupados, pero no creo que debamos olvidar lo que pasa en otros países.

Los que esteis interesados, me dejais un mensaje en el post. Gracias.


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PP, PSOE, PRISA and the freedom of expression

Some days ago I posted about the demonstration held in Madrid against the concession of the 2nd grade to ETA terrorist De Juana Chaos. I also mentioned that there were a lot of people -especially Socialists, Communists and Nationalists- had protested over it in very angry terms.

But last week, something happened which is very grave. As much of you know El País is the most re-known Spanish paper abroad. It belongs nowadays to a holding, named PRISA, who is owned in a very important part by Spanish multimillionaire Mr. Jesús de Polanco. He made his fortune during Franco’s dictatorship selling books for students in low grades and then he made his empire grew into the most important Spanish communications holding. It includes radios (40 Principales -pop music-, Cadena Ser -information and general-, Cadena Dial -Spanish traditional and folk music-), TVs (Cuatro or Canal+), many newspapers (among others, EL Pais), several editorials (such as Alfaguara), and much more. He had also interests in South America.

After Franco died, he understood that democracy made his empire a little more fragile, as the priviledges he had within the dictatorship ended with it. So, he allied with the Socialists. I even remember that a Norwegian minister said once: “I have seen many parties which owned MSM, but this is the 1st time I see a political party owned by the media“. When I told this a friend some years ago, he told me “that Norvegian is a fascist”….

El Mundo newspaper [in its paper edition of Monday 26th, 2007, 3rd page] mentions all the priviledges that PRISA has had:

Political favours from the residual Fraco-ism when Arias Navarro authorised the publishing of El País, directed then by someone who was considered as Franco’s supporter, some months earlier than all its competitors. Political favours of the UCD [Unión de Centro Democrático = Democratic Center Union] when they authorised and made easy by the Suarez’s Government, the Cadena Ser buying at a ridiculous price. Political favours of Felipe González when they gave PRISA a pay-per-view television in a process founded in the public interest and when they let them merger with Antena 3 Radio illegally [according to a Supreme Tribunal Sentence]. Political favours with the Aznar’s Governments when they elude to execute that Supreme’s sentence and when they authorised the merger between Canal Satélite [from PRISA] and Vía Digital [From Telefónica] that in practice was only a concession of the monopoly of the pay-per-view TV. And political favours from Zapatero’s Government when they have transformed the licence of Canal + into a non-pay-per-view TV [la Cuatro] and modified the radiophonic legislation not to execute definitely the Supreme’s sentence“.

Anyway, both abroad and at home the holding had had a very good reputation as objective and just media.

But not any more, among a broad segment of Spanish society. The partial news they write or read in the radio had made a lot of people even erasing there radios or TVs from the machines at home, at office or in their cars. The newspaper that after the 9/11 attacks titled his edition of the day as “The world, waiting for Bush retailation”, is hated by ones and loved by others.

And these feelings had been deepened by the statement Mr. Jesús de Polanco gave last week at the Annual Gathering of Stakeholders of his holding. This statement runs:

It’s very difficult to be neutral when everything is one of the parts here things anythings is worth to get back the power“. “There are some people who want to go back to the Civil War. We have just seen a demonstration that was pure and hard Franco-ism. If this gentlemen regain power, they are going to come with a retaliation feeling, that, personally, scares me“. “If there was a right-wing party in Spain, laic, strong, with guts, Prisa will support it. It is what we are lacking of. We have already a left-wing party.”

In the same event, a stakeholder asked Polanco, why Hermann Tersch, a reknown journalist from El Pais was critisizing Socialist Government and what they were going to do about that contradiction. Polanco’s answer is an example of his own character:

That contradiction is now over. You will see it very soon, as the rest of the readers of the newspaper“.

The journalist had been fired because his ideological position was totally different from that of the holding. He had been a polemic journalist much critisized because he did not agree with the official line.

When the Government was all day speaking about the “fascists” and the “far-right”, he said:

“If an anticonstitutional flag or two, appear in a demosntration to which hundred of thousands of people there is no problem. In this country, there is no far-right: the elections tell you that, even there are a lot of people who want it to exist and a lot are also doing everything in their power to make it appear. I really believe that the people who try to generate and promote the far-right are in other places”.

He also called Castro the “sad Ceaucescu of the Antilles“, and he also supported Radio Cope which was threatened with an inmediate shut because the leading anchors were [and are] critisizing the Government. He said:

The quick deterioration of the Spanish political climate can have a lot of culprits. But the relentless pursuit of the offices and homes of members from political parties [remember that there was a brutal campaign of the anti-war hordes before the 2004 elections, in which lots of PP offices were broken into, PP militants and supporters were beaten and insulted continuosly, and then Zapatero considered those things as legitimate acts of freedom of speech] and to MSM, its worst and most grave expression yet, is an open, obscene and exclusive practice, but each day more frequently used by Catalan and Basque ultranationalist groups, some of them with political institutional bindings or not with the political party now in the Spanish Government.

It is an intolerable corruption of the democratic life that remembers me the harrasment of the members of German Nazi Party to the German and Austrian democratic media in the early days of Nazism and also to the agressions which were subjected the democratic media from the ultranationalists in the Balkans before and during the 90’s”.

So Rajoy has today asked why PRISA invites PP members if they are so bad.

In a breakfast organised by the Fórum Europa, Mariano Rajoy underlined that his party is independent, free, does not obey orders from nobody”, and it is only dependent on the Spanish people and their interests”. He was referring to the PP’s decision of not giving any more interviewes to PRISA group, in an answer that was afterwards strongly cheered by the people attending the meeting.

Related news:

Spanish writer Almundena Grandes says that “each morning she would shoot people who make her mad“. She writes for PRISA.

Ex-Defense Minister José Bono [his father was a member of Falange, the political party supporting Franco] says that PRISA will make sure that PP pays for this decision. Ejem. This said by the same Minister who declared that “he preferred to die than to kill” so he had ordered the troops “not to shoot anyone when in combat in Afghanistan“… makes me wonder: if he was so brave as to die without killing the enemy -apart from not understanding war…-, why on earth is he considering fear about the consequences this acts for PP?

There are also MSM and politicians who have critisized PP’s decision not to go to PRISA’s MSM. It is necessary to mention that PSOE is boycotting TeleMadrid and other Regional Public TV’s from PP-leadered Autonomous Communities, simply because they thought that these MSM were not neutral.

I agree with PP decision, I think they should have taken this decision long ago.

And it is curious that no one is commenting about Tersch’s sacking as a full violation of the freedom of expression in this country. But they are considering that, after being gravely insulted, one should go there to kiss their asses. No, thanks, democracy was made to defend normal citizens from abuses. And the abused here is not PRISA but Tersch. One reasonable leftist man.


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Bolivian middle class not happy with Morales

Filed under: Bolivia — Nora @ 7:17 pm

I posted yesterday about Bolivian President Evo Morales’ intention to be in power till 2018. Today I have found this article in Christian Science Monitor in which they explain the Bolivian citizens exodus mostly from middle-class.

(Photograph)

Like scores of his friends and family, Cesar Torrio (photo, right), a lawyer in Cochabamba, voted for change – for Evo Morales in Bolivia’s presidential election in December of 2005. “We all wanted change,” says Mr. Torrio, “and Evo was the only one who could bring it.”

Now he shakes his head. “This is not what we wanted. He is re-creating a nation with just one identity.”

President Morales, an Aymara Indian and former coca-leaf grower, ushered in a new era of hope in Bolivia, quickly becoming a symbol of the poor in his alpaca sweater and promising a new nation for the long-oppressed indigenous majority. Across Bolivia the indigenous celebrated the promises they had fought so long for: a new constitution, control of natural resources, and a shift away from free-market policies in a nation where two-thirds of the population still lives in poverty.

But the indigenous were not the only ones to rejoice. Thousands of middle-class voters, who were tired of the deep divisions in the country, reached out for a figure they likened to South Africa’s Nelson Mandela. Analysts say that without their support, Morales could not have won 54 percent of votes.

Today, some of those voters are questioning their choice. While Morales remains a popular president, lawyers, teachers, police officers, and taxi drivers interviewed across the country claim he is governing for the indigenous only and say they disagree with his policies. Many are going to Spain. Others wonder where they fit within the “new Bolivia.”

“It is impossible to understand [Morales’s large mandate] if you don’t see what the vote of middle class was,” says Gonzalo Chavez, a political analyst at Catholic University in La Paz. “Many people feel like he is losing the middle. In Bolivia we don’t have a huge middle class. … but politically it is very important, and has a lot of influence in public opinion.”

The exodus to Spain is booming [link in Spanish] as next April is going to be applied a new visa by which immigrants will have to be provided with a job contract and the employer will have to pay Social Security. There are 300 people asking for visas per day and around 250 actually given per day. This visa is already applied to people from Colombia or Peru. [I wonder why it is not applied to pther nationals? Especially Maghrebis…].


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marzo 26, 2007

Children Jihad

Filed under: Islamismo,terrorismo,terroristas — Nora @ 11:00 pm

h/t American Israeli Patriot.


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Bolivian President Morales could stay in power till 2018

Filed under: Bolivia,Derechos Humanos,economía — Nora @ 10:34 pm

FT:

Evo Morales, the Bolivian president, could stay in power until 2018 under constitutional rules proposed on Friday by his supporters.

The proposal will fuel concerns that Mr Morales is bent on concentrating his power, emulating Hugo Chávez, the Venezuelan leader, his closest regional ally.

The governing MAS [Movimiento al socialismo = Way to socialism] party’s representatives in an assembly that is rewriting Bolivia’s constitution have proposed that the new document allow presidential re-election.

The MAS also confirmed that Mr Morales will be a candidate for the presidency in elections likely to take place next year, under new rules currently being discussed in a constitutional assembly.

That appeared to contradict statements made last week by the president, who suggested he would not stand in the 2008 elections. But MAS politician Carlos Romero on Friday clarified that Mr Morales would also be allowed to stand for a third term as president in elections in 2013.

Mr Romero told the EFE news agency that “2008 would not be a re-election, but a new election” under a new constitution, implying that Mr Morales could seek re-election for another five-year presidential term, which would end in 2018.

My goodness… But it goes on:

The MAS proposal echoes the rule of Alberto Fujimori, the authoritarian leader of Peru from 1990 to 2000, who was able to override a presidential two-term limit to stand in the 2000 elections thanks to the congressional passage of a “law of authentic interpretation” which suggested that Mr Fujimori had in fact only run for the presidency once under the existing constitution.

And then he is copying Fujimori….

Also FT reports about the sacking of YCFB [Bolivian Petrol Company]’s chief Morales Oliveira because of an scandal with the contracts with foreign investors [including Spanish-Argentinian Repsol YPF]:

The basis of the scandal is a string of irregularities in new gas contracts the government submitted to the legislature. The lower house of Congress – which is dominated by the pro-government MAS party – last November approved the 44 contracts signed last year with 12 foreign investors, including Respol of Spain, Petrobras of the US, Total of France and BG of the UK.

However, when the contracts were examined by the Senate, in which the opposition has a slim majority, it was discovered that the contracts submitted to the legislature were substantially different from those signed with international energy companies. Among the differences were errors in the names of the companies involved and in the location of natural gas reserves.

Because of the irregularities, the new contracts – which are slated to introduce higher tax rates for multinational investors – have still not come into force, five months after they were signed. The result has been that foreign investment in the sector has been frozen since last year

Related news: I did not treated it here -I just did not have time…- but some days ago I read a woman had been stoned to death in Bolivia, after being accused of adultery h/t Blogbis and Desde El Exilio. The Bolivian Constitution has forbidden the death penalty, yet some people are condemned to it by comunitary justice. Of course no trial, no lawyer…. And there are people who justify this:

Felipe Quispe, ex-peasant leader and today leader of his community Ajaría Chico (Omasuyos), said that the death penalty comes when the victim does not modify his/her behaviour after a first reflection and a second, after some chicotazos -I figure this is like beats but I am not sure..-

There are times in which they are expelled from community and some others they are condemned to death, he/she can be anihilated, hunged more than everything“, he revealed coincidentally with Callisaya [MAS deputy], who assures that “these extreme cases” happen when someone is “contaminated, polluted” and cannot be reiserted.

I think no comment is necessary…

__________________

El presidente boliviano, Evo Morales, podría estar en el poder hasta el año 2018 bajo las nuevas normas constitucionales que ha presentado su partido. Emulará así a Chávez, el líder venezolano, su aliado más cercano en la región.

El político del MAS, Carlos Romenro, dijo que se permitirá a Morales presentarse no sólo a un 2º mandato, cuyas elecciones se celebrarán en 2008, si no también en 2013, pudiendo presentarse a un tercer mandato.


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marzo 25, 2007

Iran to try 15 sailors for "being spies"

Filed under: Europa,Iran,Naciones Unidas,UK — Nora @ 12:41 pm

Times:

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A website run by associates of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the Iranian president, reported last night that the Britons would be put before a court and indicted.

Referring to them as “insurgents”, the site concluded: “If it is proven that they deliberately entered Iranian territory, they will be charged with espionage. If that is proven, they can expect a very serious penalty since according to Iranian law, espionage is one of the most serious offences.”

The warning followed claims by Iranian officials that the British navy personnel had been taken to Tehran, the capital, to explain their “aggressive action” in entering Iranian waters. British officials insist the servicemen were in Iraqi waters when they were held.

The penalty for espionage in Iran is death. However, similar accusations of spying were made when eight British servicemen were detained in the same area in 2004. They were paraded blindfolded on television but did not appear in court and were freed after three nights in detention.

Iranian student groups called yesterday for the 15 detainees to be held until US forces released five Revolutionary Guards captured in Iraq earlier this year.

Blair has called on the Cobra team.

UK has been denied access to British sailors.

UK envoy seeks access to British sailors.

“We have repeated the line asking for their release. We asked for details of where they are and asked for consular access,” the diplomat said.

“The (Iranian Foreign Ministry) promised to look into these requests and dialogue is continuing,” the diplomat added.

Iran’s semi-official Fars news agency reported on Saturday that the 15 sailors and marines had been transferred to Tehran. But this has not been independently confirmed.

Jack Straw, leader of Britain’s House of Commons and former Foreign Minister, told BBC television that one of those detained was a woman and said British Foreign Ministry officials were “working very hard indeed to try to secure their safe return.”

“It requires some very careful and intense diplomacy,” Straw said.

Britain in the darh about British soldiers whereabouts. I really do not like this. If they are safe and sound, why they are not letting Britain contact with them? I do not want to be a catastrophist but in this case, and with the motives Iran has now to start a war or similar open conflict -mainly they want to begin it to countermeasure the every-day-growing opposition in Iran-, Britain should ask publicly for a proof of health state of their Marines.

International Community asks Javier Solana to negotiate with Iran (link in Spanish). In his note he:

reiterated the compromise to continue searching for a negotiated solution to the nuclear subject and underlined that “Iran is a country with an enormous potential of whom we are natural associates“. (¡!)

Others blogging:

Atlas Shrugs: This is an act of war.

The Jawa Report: What their ultimate goal might be is hard to tell so far: are they expecting the British to cave, or are they trying to provoke an attack that they would use to justify their nuclear program?

Captain’s Quarters: The Iranians cannot try the men for espionage if they captured the sailors in uniform. Article 46 of the Geneva Convention states this clearly:

2. A member of the armed forces of a Party to the conflict who, on behalf of that Party and in territory controlled by an adverse Party, gathers or attempts to gather information shall not be considered as engaging in espionage if, while so acting, he is in the uniform of his armed forces.

Michael van der Gälien: “The order to show restraint” – since when should one “show restraint” when foreign forces try to kidnap one’s fellow countrymen / soldiers? That’s not “showing constraint”, that’s letting rogue regimes do what they want to.

Austin Bay Blog: Note that a Saudi source says that it has an Iranian source which claims the British sailors and marines were taken with a purpose: as barter for Iraqi operatives captured in Iraq. As events progress, the hostage taking incident looks more and more like a desperate measure.

This incident gives Washington and Baghdad an opportunity to highlight Iranian troublemaking in Iraq. Unfortunately, the White House isn’t that media-wise. Perhaps the Iraqi government is.

Hot Air: links to Jerusalem Post:

a senior Iranian military official said Saturday that the decision to capture the soldiers was made during a March 18 emergency meeting of the High Council for Security following a report by the Al-Quds contingent commander, Kassem Suleimani, to the Iranian chief of the armed forces, Maj.Gen. Hassan Firouz Abadi. In the report, according to Asharq al-Awsat, Suleimani warned Abadi that Al Quds and Revolutionary Guards’ operations had become transparent to US and British intelligence following the arrest of a senior Al Quds officer and four of his deputies in Irbil.

AllahPundit also links to Iranian blogger Kamangir who says Iran wants an apology, and, if that apology is not offered, they are not going to release the soldiers.

A Tangled Blog -about negotiating with Iran the release of the hostages-:

..”negotiating” implies something being offered in exchange for something else, so are we to accept that our Government is seeking to establish Iranian wants so it can meet some of these in the hope our sailors may be released? Given Mr Hain’s preponderence to dally with terrorists maybe he should fly to Tehran and start another “peace process”? Iran is laughing at the West’s gutlessness -once more the paper tiger has been exposed by the Mullahs. I’m sure they are encouraged.

Strata Sphere: Spies wear uniforms?

Secular Blasphemy:

I would not consider it impossible that the British boats actually strayed into Iranian coastal waters, or at least waters claimed by Iran (or, the local Iranians believed they did). In that case, it was a local action without official planning. If the opposite is true, and this is a planned hostage taking with sanction from the top, this could become a bad situation for the sailors and marines, and a delicate conflict to handle for a weakened Tony Blair.

Protein Wisdom:

[this incident appears to be also linked to] the prior American capture of a number of Iranian operatives at a site in Irbil that Iran claimed was a consulate (a claim that ought to have been easy for Western journalists to check, but which toward which they displayed complete indifference). My best information suggests that they had petitioned for that location in Kurdish-controlled Iraq to be conferred embassy status, but that it had not yet been accomplished.

The Belmont Club:

As currently interpreted the Geneva Conventions only apply to individuals bent on destroying America. Individuals who blow up elementary schools, kidnap children, attack churches and mosques, kill invalids in wheelchairs, plan attacks on skyscrapers in New York, behead journalists, detonate car bombs with children to camouflage their crime, or board jetliners with explosive shoes — all while wearing mufti or even women’s clothing — these are all considered “freedom fighters” of the most principled kind. They and they alone enjoy the protections of the Geneva Convention.

From a comment at Belmont Club:

Iran is overplaying a weak hand. The mullahs dreams of establishing Iran as a regional hegemon are entirely dependent on maintaining at least the illusion of prestige. I suspect that the Iranian population will play along with the mullahs for so long as they see the possiblility of resurrecting the spectre of ancient Persian glory. Prove the mullahs weak and ineffective and their house of cards comes down around them.

Gateway Pundit: where are they?

Also Iran’s nuclear nuclear program is leading the Islamic Republic to international isolation. But:

Permanent five plus Germany want negotiations

Text of the resolution here.

Related post: Iran seizes 15 British Navy sailors.


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