Spanish Pundit (II)

octubre 19, 2007

La nueva Ley de conservación de datos de las comunicaciones electrónicas (+)

Filed under: blogosphere,internet,PP,PSOE,Rajoy,Spain,Zapatero — Nora @ 8:36 am

Ya escribí antes aquí que el Partido Popular había presentado una enmienda a la Ley sobre conservación de datos de las comunicaciones electrónicas que no había gustado a nadie. Pues bien, si quereis ver el resto de la ley (que es una trasposición de la Directiva UE correspondiente) y echaros a llorar por la que se nos viene encima, podeis ir este post de Disculpen las Molestias -lo siento, ahora no sale-:

  • Datos a almacenar:
    1. para rastrear e identificar el origen de una comunicación:
      • telefonía fija y móvil: número de teléfono, nombre y dirección del abonado
      • acceso a internet, correo electrónico y telefonía por internet: identificación de usuario, número de teléfono, nombre y dirección del abonado
    2. para identificar el destino de una comunicación:
      • telefonía fija y móvil: número de teléfono, nombre y dirección del abonado
      • correo electrónico y telefonía por internet: identificación de usuario, número de teléfono, nombre y dirección del abonado
    3. para determinar la fecha, hora y duración de una comunicación:
      • telefonía fija y móvil: fecha y hora de inicio y de fin
      • acceso a internet, correo electrónico y telefonía por internet: fecha y hora de la conexión y desconexión del servicio
    4. para identificar el tipo de comunicación:
      • telefonía fija y móvil: servicio telefónico utilizado
      • correo electrónico y telefonía por internet: servicio de internet utilizado
    5. para identificar el equipo de comunicación:
      • telefonía fija: números de teléfono de origen y destino
      • telefonía móvil: números de teléfono de origen y destino, IMSI e IMEI del emisor y del receptor; si se trata de una tarjeta prepago también se guardarán la fecha y hora de la primera activación y la celda (desde qué estación se hizo)
      • acceso a internet, correo electrónico y telefonía por internet: número de teléfono de origen, línea DSL u otro punto terminal identificador
    6. para identificar la localización del equipo de comunicación móvil:
      • identificador de celda, datos que permiten fijar la localización geográfica de la celda
  • También se guardarán los datos referidos a las llamadas infructuosas pero no los relativos a llamadas no conectadas.
  • Los datos se almacenarán durante 12 meses aunque esto pueda variar entre seis meses y dos años, al finalizar este periodo los datos deben ser borrados (menos aquellos que hayan sido cedidos).
  • Podrán acceder a estos datos los agentes facultados pertenecientes a las fuerzas y cuerpos de seguridad cuando actúen como policía judicial, el personal del centro nacional de inteligencia y los funcionarios de la dirección adjunta de vigilancia aduanera previa orden judicial.

Maravilloso, ¿eh? Especialmente “tranquilizador” es lo del centro nacional de inteligencia considerando todos los antecedentes…. Miedo me da cómo van a usar esta ley los julays mencionados… Striaght FaceDohFrustrated


I blogged some days ago about a modification which was announced by Popular Party to the Law about the conservation of data from the electronic communications which wanted to oblige all the cibercafes and the telecommunications’ operators to carry on a registry of the identity of all the users. But the rest of the law (a transposition from one of the EU’s Directives) is even worse. It obliges to register:

  1. to identify and search for the origin of a communication: whatever the class of your phone: your number, name and address and if you’re surfing the Net, using the e-mail or Internet phone/VoiP: identification of the user, name and address of the user.
  2. to identify the destiny of a communication: if you’re on the phone, its number and the name and address of the user and, when using the e-mail and VoiP services, identification of the user, phone number, name and address of the user.
  3. to identify the day, time and duration of a communication: if you’re on the phone, the day and time it begins and finishes and when surfing the net, using e-mail and VoiP, the day and time of the connection and of its end.
  4. to identify the type of communication: if you’re on the phone, the phone service you use, and if you’re on the internet or using your e-mail, the internet service/provider used.
  5. to identify the communication equipment: if you’re on the traditional phone, your number and the destination one. If you’re on a mobile phone, the phone number of origin and of destination, IMSI and IMEI of both users, and if it’s a pre-paid card phone the dara of the day and time of the first activation and where it was made will also be registered. And lasting when surfing, using the e-mail and VoiP services, the number of original phone, DSL or any other terminal which could be identified.
  6. to identify the localization of a mobile communication equipment: the cell’s identification, which could let locate the cell geographically.

All of these data will be conserved for 12 months but in some cases it can vary to 6 months or 2 years, when those periods end the data should be erased, except if they have been given to the “authority”. And who is the authority? “Agents from the Police and security forces when they are acting as judicial police, the guys working at the intelligence center and the civil servants from the joint direction of the customs office, previous court order”.


(+) En los comentarios del otro blog, he copiado dos de los artículos de la directiva que son interesantes para ver a qué ha llegado la Unión Europea:

Artículo 3
Obligación de conservar datos
1. Como excepción a los artículos 5, 6 y 9 de la Directiva 2002/58/CE, los Estados miembros adoptarán medidas para garantizar que los datos especificados en el artículo 5 de la presente Directiva se conservan de conformidad con lo dispuesto en ella en la medida en que son generados o tratados por proveedores de servicios de comunicaciones electrónicas de acceso público o de una red pública de comunicaciones que estén bajo su jurisdicción en el marco de la prestación de los servicios de comunicaciones de que se trate.
2. La obligación de conservar datos mencionada en el apartado 1 incluirá la conservación de los datos especificados en el artículo 5 en relación con las llamadas telefónicas infructuosas en las que los datos los generan o tratan, y conservan (en lo que a los datos telefónicos se refiere) o registran (en lo que a los datos de Internet se refiere), proveedores de servicios de comunicaciones electrónicas de acceso público o de una red pública de comunicaciones que estén bajo la jurisdicción del Estado miembro de que se trate en el marco de la prestación de los servicios de comunicaciones en cuestión. La conservación de datos en relación con las llamadas no conectadas no será obligatoria con arreglo a la presente Directiva.
Artículo 4
Acceso a los datos
Los Estados miembros adoptarán medidas para garantizar que los datos conservados de conformidad con la presente Directiva solamente se proporcionen a las autoridades nacionales competentes, en casos específicos y de conformidad con la legislación nacional. Cada Estado miembro definirá en su legislación nacional el procedimiento que deba seguirse y las condiciones que deban cumplirse para tener acceso a los datos conservados de conformidad con los requisitos de necesidad y proporcionalidad, de conformidad con las disposiciones pertinentes del Derecho de la Unión o del Derecho internacional público, y en particular el CEDH en la interpretación del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos.

La cuestión pues no es sólo española. Es europea. También en Italia están protestando por una ley semejante h/t Kate. Y consideran que será el fin de la red… porque allí además van a obligar a todos los blogueros a no bloguear anónimamente, si no que estarán obligados a registrarlos en un registro de la Autoridad de la Comunicación, obtener un certificado, etc….

La legge Levi-Prodi prevede che chiunque abbia un blog o un sito debba registrarlo al ROC, un registro dell’Autorità delle Comunicazioni, produrre dei certificati, pagare un bollo, anche se fa informazione senza fini di lucro.

Tags: Ley de conservación de datos de las comunicaciones electrónicas, España, internet, PSOE, PP, Zapatero, European Union, EU

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septiembre 29, 2007

Troops take control of Burma – El Ejército toma el control en Birmania

Filed under: Birmania,Derechos Humanos,dictadura,internet,represión — Nora @ 11:03 am

tab-calgary-sun-burma-crackdown.gif

Found at The Moderate Voice.

Other interesting links:

Where the world stand with Burma.

Junta tries to blame foreign media for the protests:

Screen grab from Burma's state-run English language TV - 27/09/2007

London-based Burmese blogger Ko Htike said he is getting nothing over the internet from his contacts in Burma and that he can no longer reach them by mobile phone.

He told the BBC News website that he can occasionally reach people in Burma on landline telephones, but even this is sporadic.

Burmese monks in Mandalay - 22/02/2007Accounts from Burma Burma’s cyber-dissidents Burma’s shadowy leaders

The only other way to make contact is by satellite phone but these are difficult to come by and the risks for people in Burma are tremendous: three-and-a-half years in prison, he said.

The Irrawaddy news website, however, run by Burmese journalists in exile, has managed to get a few pictures of Friday’s protests with a 28 September date stamp on them.

BBC sources in Burma have said that international mobile phone signals have been interrupted and soldiers are searching people for cameras and mobile phones.

Photo

Buddhist monks sit inside an Internet shop run on a generater in Yangon, 10 April 2007. The flow of information out of Myanmar was squeezed Friday as the nation’s main Internet link went down and several newspapers stopped publishing, amid a deadly crackdown on anti-junta protests.(AFP/File/Khin Maung)

Photo

In this photo made available by the Mandalay Gazette, soldiers with their weapons are seen in downtown Yangon, September 27, 2007. Crowds taunted soldiers and police who barricaded central Yangon on Friday to prevent more mass protests against Myanmar’s 45 years of military rule and deepening economic hardship. Picture taken September 27, 2007. REUTERS/Mandalay Gazette (MYANMAR).

Armed troops take position in the streets of central Yangon, 27 September 2007. Security forces have moved to crush protests in Myanmar’s two biggest cities, unleashing warning shots and baton charges, and cutting Internet access in the third day of a deadly crackdown.(AFP/HO/File) .

PhotoProtesters gathering in the streets of central Yangon. Myanmar’s police and military were out in force again Friday, patrolling the deserted streets after a two-day crackdown on mass protests left at least 13 people dead and hundreds more behind bars.(AFP/Moemaka Media)

PhotoThis photo received by Internet website Mizzima News shows the crowds gathered for protest at Sule junction shortly before Myanmar security forces stormed the demonstrators in Yangon, 27 September 2007. Vigils were held in Canada’s capital and its biggest city Thursday in support of Myanmar’s pro-democracy protestors, whose demonstrations were violently broken up by their military rulers.(AFP/Mizzima News/File)

PhotoSoldiers march through central Yangon.
Satellites images may show Burmese Junta Abuses:

Photo

Images collected over the last year focused on sites in eastern Myanmar, helping document reports of villages being burned or eliminated, new villages where people had been relocated and rapidly expanding military camps, Lars Bromley of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, said Friday.

In images provided by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, before-and-after satellite images show the site of an apparent military encampment in Burma on Nov. 11, 2000, (top), and again on Dec. 13, 2006, (bottom), when new bamboo fencing can be seen. The human rights group, Free Burma Rangers, reported a major expansion of this camp in 2006, corroborated by the AAAS analysis of images. Satellite photos showing the disappearance of villages and a buildup of army camps offer what researchers say is potential evidence of human rights abuses in Myanmar, the scene of bloody anti-government protests that have drawn tens of thousands of demonstrators. (AP Photo/Top image: GeoEye Satellite Image. Bottom image: DigitalGlobe)

Japan will investigate the death of the Japanese video journalist Kengi Nagai:

Japan is sending its deputy foreign minister to Burma to investigate the death of a Japanese journalist, who was covering the anti-government protests.

Japan said it would review its aid programmes to Burma over the fatal shooting of Kenji Nagai on Thursday.

TV footage has emerged which raises the possibility that the 50-year-old may have been deliberately targeted rather than caught in police cross-fire.

Troops take back control in Burma:

Soldiers and police took control of the streets Friday, firing warning shots and tear gas to scatter the few pro-democracy protesters who ventured out as Myanmar’s military junta sealed off Buddhist monasteries and cut public Internet access.

On the third day of a harsh government crackdown, the streets were empty of the mass gatherings that had peacefully challenged the regime daily for nearly two weeks, leaving only small groups of activists to be chased around by security forces.

“Bloodbath again! Bloodbath again!” a Yangon resident yelled while watching soldiers break up one march by shooting into air, firing tear gas and beating people with clubs.

Thousands of monks had provided the backbone of the protests, but they were besieged in their monasteries, penned in by locked gates and barbed wire surrounding the compounds in the two biggest cities, Yangon and Mandalay. Troops stood guard outside and blocked nearby roads to keep the clergymen isolated.

Many Yangon residents seemed pessimistic over the crackdown, fearing it fatally weakened a movement that began nearly six weeks ago as small protests over fuel price hikes and grew into demonstrations by tens of thousands demanding an end to 45 years of military rule.

[…]Much of the regime’s defiance — and ability to withstand economic sanctions imposed by the West — stems from the diplomatic and financial support of neighboring China. Another neighbor, India, also has refrained from pressuring the junta.

Analysts say that as long as those two giant countries remain silent and other Southeast Asian countries keep investing in Myanmar, it is unlikely the junta will show any flexibility. Every other time the regime has been challenged by its own people, it has responded with force.

(

_____________________

Como ya escribí ayer, han cortado el acceso a Internet y los móviles tampoco funcionan.

La Junta está tratando de echar la culpa de las protestas a las cadenas extranjeras, incluida la BBC, a los que tacha de “destruccionistas“.

Los bloggers están preocupados: hasta ahora han sido ellos los que han permitido una difusión rápida de las imágenes de la brutalidad de la Junta, pero con las nuevas restricciones es posible que no obtengan muchas más. Sólo se puede conectar con ellos con teléfonos vía satélite, cuya posesión es un delito que se paga con una pena de cárcel de tres años y medio. Además, los soldados y los policías están buscando por las calles a personas con teléfonos móviles y cámaras para detenerlas…

Pero lo que no pueden bloquear son los satélites artificiales, y al parecer hay imágenes suficientemente claras de abusos por parte de la Junta: pueblos enteros quemados o destruidos, las personas realojadas en otros sitios y campos militares que crecen rápidamente.

Por último, Japón va a investigar la muerte del video-reportero Kenji Nagai, que, según las imágenes de la TV, fue deliberadamente escogido y asesinado, y no murió por fuego cruzado.

Asimismo, han amenazado con revisar todos sus programas de ayuda al desarrollo que tengan con Birmania.

Hace escasamente una hora han informado de que los militares tienen otra vez el control sobre el país, después de que hayan cercado los monasterios, alrededor de los cuales han colocado alambre de púas y hay soldados, y hayan suspendido Internet.

Hay pesimismo en Rangún. (

Posts relacionados:

  1. Military Junta cut access in Burma.
  2. Nine Kiled in Burma today – Asesinadas nueve personas en Birmania.
  3. Myanmar soldiers fire weapons into crowd – China continues blocking democracy.
  4. Military Junta threatens to kill anyone who does not obey curfew.
  5. Five Monks killed in Burma.
  6. Toque de queda en Rangún – Curfews in Burma.
  7. Myanmar anti-Junta protests biggest in 20 years.

septiembre 28, 2007

Military junta cuts Internet access in Burma

Filed under: Birmania,Derechos Humanos,dictadura,internet,tortura — Nora @ 11:09 pm

Another day, more bad news from the Burmese Junta:Michelle Malkin » Reports: Military junta cuts Internet access in Burma; Sniper reportedly killed Japanese journalist Kenji Nagai

(…) Burmese bloggers have been crucial whistleblowers and eyewitnesses to history–supplying the world with round-the-clock coverage and photos of their oppressive regime’s crackdown. Now, just as the Western press is lauding their role, the military junta has reportedly cut off Internet access:

Myanmar’s government appeared to have cut public Internet access and troops occupied key Buddhist monasteries on Friday, witnesses and diplomats said, in an effort to end demonstrations against the ruling junta.

The moves raised concerns that the military government may be preparing to intensify a crackdown on civilians that has killed at least 10 people in the past two days. The Internet in particular has played a crucial role in getting news and images of the pro-democracy protests to the outside world.

According to AFP, government officials are blaming a “damaged underwater cable.”

After two days of unrest in Yangon’s streets, Myanmar’s main link to the Internet has stopped working, according to a telecom official who blamed the problem on a damaged cable.

“The Internet is not working because the underwater cable is damaged,” an official with Myanmar Post and Telecoms told AFP on condition of anonymity.

Myanmar’s Internet service is tightly controlled and only sporadically available even in the best of times, but the military has tightened its controls amid anti-government protests.

In Bangkok, an official at a Thai telecom that provides satellite services to Myanmar also said some Internet service inside the country had been cut.

One western source inside Myanmar said she had not been able to access emails or Internet since late morning.

Yes, question the timing

The yell of a monk yesterday as he stands up, with broken glasses thanks to a shot from the Burmese soldiers and surrounded by a tear gas’ cloud:

Who is going to come to help us? Do they know in your country what’s happening here? Why nobody is helping us?

has a more chilling sound after reading the link Schwan (hello ;) ) left me yesterday in the comments:

The professor Desmond Ball, from the Center of Strategic Studies and Defense from the University of Universidad de Canberra –who has published a book about the Burmese spies–, underlined that “the intelligence services and the security forces have tapped all the telecommunications’ systems of the country”.

In Burma, having a non-declared radio-phone means detention and whoever is surprised with a satellite phone is charged with “high treason” and condemned to a minimum punishment of 20 years in prison. Moreover, to use a PC, you must have an special license from the Communications and Mail Ministry. Infringing that law means a punishment between seven to fifteen years in prison. In this country, there are only a dozen cybercafes with limited access to Internet.

In every hotel of Rangoon and in other cities, the phone calls are intercepted without even considering that can be known by the speaker and, if the stablishment’s internet service is used, it will record it to their archives. The ordinary Burmese say that the military regime has “eyes and ears” everywhere. They know that the powerful Intelligence Service pays not only military men, but also beggars, street sellers, hotel receptionists, office workers, monks, taxi drivers and students, among others.

_______________

Si estás cerca de Madrid y puedes venir, mañana hay una manifestación a las 12:00 en la Puerta del Sol hay una protesta contra la dictadura birmana. Gracias a todos.

junio 28, 2007

Que me parto con la SGAE (Actualizado)

Filed under: Campañas,España,internet,libertad de pensamiento — Nora @ 5:28 pm

y no de risa precisamente…

En abril de 2004 comenzó un google bombing (acción de protesta destinada a que una determinada web aparezca en primer lugar al realizar cierta búsqueda en Google) cuyo objetivo era que la SGAE fuera el primer resultado al buscar “ladrones”. Como otras, la bitácora Merodeando, informó en aquel entonces de la acción. Más de tres años después, la Sociedad General de Autores y Editores ha presentado una demanda de protección del derecho al honor contra el autor del citado blog, Julio Alonso, en la que le reclama una indemnización de 9.000 euros más las costas del juicio.
Según informa el propio Alonso en su bitácora, las exigencias de la demanda incluyen, además del pago de la indemnización más las costas del juicio, la retirada de la entrada en cuestión más la publicación de una rectificación. El autor Merodeando considera que la SGAE actúa de esta manera debido a que cuando Google modificó su algoritmo para que el primer resultado de buscar “ladrones” no fuera la SGAE, ese puesto fue sustituido por el post donde informaba del google bombing (ahora los resultados han vuelto a variar).

Libertad Digital: La SGAE demanda al autor de una bitácora por informar sobre el google bombing contra la entidad

Recopilemos pues: tenemos una entrada en la que se informa de la campaña. Tenemos que la campaña tiene un éxito enorme -lo que prueba que muchos pensamos que la actuación de la SGAE no es la correcta-. Después la SGAE pide que el post en cuestión se cambie y pase a ser considerada una víctima. El autor dice que no. Y ahora le pide 9.000 euros, las costas (las paga el que pierde el juicio), la retirada de la entrada y una rectificación.

De modo que la SGAE en lugar de cambiar su actuación sobre los derechos de autor, no se le ocurre otra cosa que ir en contra de los que lo denuncian. Bien, así sólo conseguirá que más personas piensen lo mismo…. 😉

Actualización: leed este artículo de Enrique Dans al respecto.

technorati tags:, , , ,

mayo 31, 2007

Medios que leo

Filed under: blog,blogging,blogosfera,internet — Nora @ 5:45 pm

La verdad, lo de los memes me parece una tontería – no sirve más que para perder el tiempo. Pero por llevar la contraria a Prevost, voy a ser muy breve.

  1. prensa escrita: no compro. Me parece un gasto tonto en papel y dinero habiendo internet. 😉
  2. radio: no tengo tiempo. Mi programa favorito es El Gato al Agua de Intereconomía, que procuro oír (y ver por la TV, ver siguiente punto) cuando puedo.
  3. TV: Sólo veo CSI y alguna otra serie parecida y tampoco con mucha asiduidad. De las noticias y demás nada, salvo El Gato al Agua -normalmente lo veo por internet- cuando tengo tiempo.
  4. Internet: ehto zí. Tengo alrededor de 200 blogs en RSS Bandit, programa maravilloso, gratis y con mucha capacidad y con el que puedo configurar WLW, para bloguear automáticamente (*) -no me gustan ni bloglines ni google reader-. Además, leo varios agregadores tanto españoles (antizp, BPR o redliberal) y extranjeros (tocqueville, triares y Dumb OX Bloggregator -estos dos últimos se ven en mi blog). Ahh, y también leo los que tengo en el blogsurfer interno de wordpress.com. En esto tengo épocas, no leo todos los blogs todos los días -si no ya me habían internado-, si no que veo los temas más importantes -o menos blogueados- y los posteo. Por supuesto, también leo aquellos blogs comunitarios en los que escribo: IBA, MNM, Freedom’s Zone y Hyscience.

Atención, que ya veo a Prevost muerto por ahí…

Ahh, y vuelvo a repetir: no me gustan los memes (me parece que estoy haciendo el memo). 😀 

Así que ahora tengo que decir a quien se lo mando. Decisión difícil: Chesk, Luis, Valea y Cerrajero. Si alguno de ellos lo ha hecho, no tengo inconveniente en que otro bloguero lo haga…

(*) lo mismo tengo hecho en los navegadores que uso.

mayo 17, 2007

Islamic bycicles: the new strategy of Iran

Well, our beloved Ahmadinejad said that in Iran, “women’s rights are more respected than men’s”. That is why they are now issuing an “Islamic bycicle” for women:

Iran will make “Islamic bycicles for women, thought to hide the feminine forms by a cabin which would cover half of the body.
“This project lets fomentar the practice of sport by women”, said Elaheh Sofali, one of the women who are responsible of the project”, according to the Government’s newspaper.
Faezeh Hachémi, daughter of ax-Iranian President Rafsandjani, ex-responsible of the women’s Olympic sport, tried to develop cycling between women in the 90’s, but this decision did not have the hoped success because of the opposition of the conservative religious bodies.

Conservative? I guess the culprit is Aznar, again…

Kamangir has more about this, including this photo:
At the same time, the Iranian regime continues to crackdown on the feminist movement in Iran with no aid from feminists throughout the world.

Despite the constant harassment of its members, the Iranian feminist movement is growing and is alarming the government,” Reporters Without Borders said in a statement. “The Internet is now a battle-ground between these women, who are just demanding the same rights as men, and a regime that remains as rigid as ever.”

The series of arrests are an indication that the small progress that had been made under the former reformist president Mohammad Khatami is now being rolled back by his successor, the hard-liner Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, since he was elected in 2005.

The Iranian police are also ramping up their inspections of women to ensure they are adhering to the Islamic dress code. The annual spring offensive to make sure women are covering up enough has been particularly strict this year. And the government in Tehran is now drafting a law to limit female students to half the places in college, instead of the 65 percent they currently occupy.

At the same time, Iran can be as close as 12 months away to gaining the ability to produce the nuclear bomb.

Iran has also jailed an Iranian-American journalist who converted from Islam to Judaism and also a top blogger, who is accused of … being a spy!

But the most outstanding measure of idiocy in Iran is that they are also arresting DOGS!! (here). And they are also confiscating cars for carrying the dog inside h/t Gateway Pundit.

Norwegian-Iranian Mamand Mamandy had a brutal meeting with police after drinking two beers while on holiday in Iran. He was sentenced to 130 lashes. This is the result:Hmm, yes,

Lastly, men and women will be separated at hospitals. h/t Stefania.

Iranian health minister Kamran Bagheri Lamkarani has presented a reform under which men and women would be divided in public hospitals under a new moralization campaign which kicked off last month. Under the new provisions, women would be treated only by female doctors and nurses and male patients would only be in contact with medics of the same gender. This follows a rigid interpretation of Sharia law which forbids physical contact between men and women.

A major problem with this change is the higher number of male medics compared to women, although 67 percent of medical students in Iran are today women. However, the ministry has said the change could be gradual.

Related news:
Iran and the US will be meeting on May 28th about Iraq. Of course, Iran is not going to negotiate: Khamenei has said that it is void and that they are going “to remind the Americans of their responsibilities“. Read also “Why is Iran so quiet?” and see the photo in the post, regarding the peaceful intentions of Iran. Flap’s blog has another view on the subject.
An interesting video of an Iranian military parade.
The crisis of the Afghan illegal immigrants and refugees in Iran and Pakistan continues: experts consider that the return of 3 million people to Afghanistan can be disastrous. I ask myself: while the most part are good people who fled from Soviet war first and then from Taliban rule, how many of them are Talibans who are “pushed” now into Afghanistan to fight the UN mission?

abril 30, 2007

China: not progressing on Human Rights

[Traducido al final]
According to the new report from Amnesty International, China has not fulfilled its promise to protect Human Rights for the Olympics Game of 2008:

The report catalogs a wide range of persistent abuses, from extensive use of detention without trial to the persecution of civil rights activists and new methods to rein in the domestic media and censor the Internet.
The London-based group welcomed the new rules for foreign journalists and the referral of all death sentences to China’s Supreme Court since the start of the year. “Disappointingly, they have been matched by moves to expand detention without trial and house arrest of activists, and by a tightening of controls over domestic media and the Internet,” Catherine Baber, deputy Asia-Pacific director of Amnesty International, said in a statement.
China’s Foreign Ministry in a statement Monday rejected the report, saying the government was improving its legal system and promoting democracy. “We are conscientiously fulfilling our promise for the Olympics. … The progress China has achieved in human rights cannot be slandered by a report from an individual organization with political prejudice,” the statement said.

What is more AI denounces China is using the Olympics to increase its pressure on dissidents:

A report by the group welcomed some reforms, but criticised China’s detentions without trial and tightened control of the media and the internet.

Precisely the limits imposed on freedom of speech are one of the more worrying. And internet is precisely one of the places were it is more limites. MySpace is already on in Chinese internet… with some restrictions:

Attempts to post on topics that are deemed inappropriate by the Chinese Government will result in the message: “Sorry, the article you want to publish may contain inappropriate content. Please delete the unsuitable content, and then try reposting it. Thank you.” Even searching for blacklisted keywords results in the same warning.

Anyway, Chinese evident lack of progress on Human Rights has had some benefits: Chinese Censorship Chief receives French Highest Honor.

Long Xinmin, rewarded with the Légion d’Honneur at the French Embassy in Beijing, is a dignitary of the Chinese regime. He is the chief of the censorship administration, an administration that controls all newspapers, television and, of course, the Chinese Internet. It does not hesitate to send to prison those who do not respect the strict rules of the propaganda. Officially, Mr. Long has received the medal for being a francophile. But even inside the communist party, he’s considered as a hardliner, a conservative that has recently been harsher with Chinese bloggers.

Canada has been assured that China had not tortured Canadian citizen Huseyin Celil, a Canadian citzen accused by Chinese authorities of “separating China” and “organizing, leading and participating in terrorist groups, organizations“. I wonder if they would be soooo worried if this Canadian citizen was Christian, Jewish or Buddhist…

We will also see if Al Gore sells any of his videos to China, as the pollution there is growing rapidly: it will be this year the more important polluter:

Currently, 16 of the 20 most polluted cities in the world are located in China, and it is the second largest emitter of energy-related carbon dioxide after the United States. China relies on coal for 70 percent of its energy needs, and discharges a large amount of pollutants into its rivers. The increase of the economy’s energy demands is also the cause of higher greenhouse gas levels, as many Chinese companies build coal-fired plants and operate them without the government’s consent.

In the same link there says that AlGore has spoken about Chinese environment… in USA. It would be very good to try to speak about this with Chinese authorities…

Other news:

Rich Chinese fancy expensive cars. The most exclusive car brands are among those experiencing the fastest growth. Jenny Zheng, Rolls-Royce’s general manager for greater China, says the company’s China sales jumped more than 60% last year from the year before. She says China overtook Japan for the first time in 2006, though she declined to cite actual figures. Globally, the brand has sold 805 cars, each one tailor-made to the owner’s demands, she says. Well, this is logical considering that China is communist… or not?
China moves to restrict lending.
Thousands of Chinese mines and cement workers are dying each year from breathing of coal and cement dust. “The lung disease known as “black lung” or pneumoconiosis accounts for three quarters of all occupational deaths, health officials said. China’s coal mines are the most deadly in the world. An average of 17 miners are killed in mining accidents each day, the official People’s Daily newspaper reports. Independent labour groups believe the death toll is much higher“. “Of 677,000 occupational disease cases reported in China since the 1950s, more than 90% were pneumoconiosis cases, health ministry spokesperson Su Zhi said. Last year alone, the black lung disease accounted for 76% of the 11,000 new occupational disease cases reported. 621 of the pneumoconiosis cases reported last year involved workers under the age of 18“.
___________________
Un informe de Amnistía Internacional vuelve a denunciar que China sigue sin respetar los derechos humanos, a pesar de haber prometido hacerlo para la inauguración de los Juegos Olímpicos. Entre otras cosas, el informe denuncia las detenciones sin juicio y las restricciones a la libertad de expresión, así como que parece que se está aprovchando precisamente los JJOO para incrementar la presión sobre los disidentes.
Por supuesto, China lo ha negado diciendo que “los evidentes procesos en materia de Derechos Humano van a ser dismiuidos en importancia por una organizacion con prejuicios políticos”.
Sin embargo,las restricciones en Internet continúan: ahora es MySpace la que tiene un filtro que impide postear material considerado “no apropiado“, de tal forma que si no lo quitas el post no puedes postearlo.
Eso sí, Francia ha concedido al censor mayor de … la Republica Popular China la legion de Honor, porque es “muy francófilo“. Y mientras Canadá está muy aliviada después de que las autoridades chinas hayan asegurado que no han torturado a un ciudadano canadiense, acusado de intentar separar China y de “pertenecer a organizaciones subversivas, terroristas o semejantes”. El ciudadano en cuestión es musulmán, y, considerando loable que defiendan a sus ciudadanos, habría que preguntrse si hubieran mantenido la misma postura, si Husiyen Celil hubiera pertenecido a otra religión.
Asimismo, China -al igual que EEUU, pero ya veremos quién es más criticado- consideran poco fiable un informe sobre la contaminación, al convertirse China este mismo año en el mayor contaminador del mundo. Ya de las 2o capitales más contaminadas, 16 están en China.
Y, para terminar, a los chinos ricos les molan los coches caros (la firma Rolls-Royce ha anunciado que este año han aumentado un 60% sus ventas) mientras las 3/4 partes de los mineros o trabajadores del cemento mueren anualmente de “pulmón blanco“. Sólo el año pasado, el 76% de los trabajadores con enfermedades han muerto por esta causa. 621 eran de menores de 18 años.

abril 18, 2007

Jihad Online: Islamists recruiting in Spain, supporters rising in Cataluña

Filed under: internet,Islamismo,Spain,terrorismo,USA,violencia — Nora @ 10:20 am

[Translated below] 

Fuente: El Confidencial digital.com

Según las informaciones recabadas por El Confidencial Digital, los Mossos d’Esquadra investigan a una organización islamista sunní denominada Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami (HuT) –o Partido de la Liberación Islámica-. Grupos islamistas de este perfil están proliferando en Internet para ganar seguidores, que incluso puedan ser reclutados por el yihadismo radical.

HuT nace en Jerusalén en 1953 de la mano del palestino Taqiuddin al-Nabhani. Promulga la reinstauración de un macroestado islámico o califato formado por todos los países de mayoría musulmana. Sus adeptos rechazan la democracia occidental y pretenden en último lugar que el mundo se convierta al Islam. La organización no ha condenado explícitamente los atentados de origen yihadista.

En España, este grupo islamista comenzó su actividad durante el período 2004-2005 y, en febrero de 2006, coincidiendo con la crisis de las viñetas de Mahoma, HuT incrementa su actividad y presencia tanto física como a través de Internet.

Según los expertos islamistas Javier Jordán y Sol Tarrés, que han trazado para jihadmonitor.org un perfil sobre estos movimientos, las principales características de este colectivo son las siguientes:

Suelen residir o proceder en su mayoría de las Comunidad Autónomas situadas al norte de España.

–Se trata de personas con un nivel de instrucción medio, medio-alto, con cualificación profesional y con un elevado conocimiento del Islam, así como una práctica rigurosa del mismo.

–Hasta mediados de marzo de 2007 el contacto principal entre estos adeptos que se alojan principalmente en Barcelona se mantenía por correo electrónico privado a través de un foro islamista en español. El sitio web estaba alojado en Kuwait. Simpatizaban con HuT entre treinta y cuarenta participantes del foro. Más de la mitad, mujeres. Tras su puesta en marcha, la Guardia Civil montó una operación contra dos jóvenes que mantenían sitios web de contenido islamista radical. Inmediatamente, el foro citado dejó de operar.

Según los mismos expertos, las líneas de actuación en Internet de este grupo se concretan de la siguiente manera:

Participación activa en los foros, listas de distribución y grupos de Internet (incluidos las chiitas de habla hispana), tanto los de temática principalmente religiosa como social o política. Los foros y grupos son seleccionados en virtud a la cantidad de personas inscritas en ellos y la actividad del grupo; asimismo se presta especial atención a los grupos de mujeres conversas al Islam en los que predomina la orientación salafí.

Enviar periódicamente y de manera simultánea noticias relativas al mundo islámico a los foros y grupos donde participan. Los miembros de HuT hacen especial hincapié en aquellas noticias relativas a Irak y Afganistán, a la actuación de las tropas occidentales sobre la población civil, imágenes cruentas de los atentados terroristas (personas mutiladas, niños muertos…), etc. Se trata, en definitiva, de estimular el rechazo al ‘imperialismo occidental’ (más concretamente de Israel y Estados Unidos).

Introducir recurrentemente en los foros y grupos la temática del Califato, y la obligación islámica de luchar por la consecución del mismo. Esto se realiza bien abriendo un hilo de conversación directamente sobre el tema, o bien insertándolo sistemáticamente en otros hilos.

–Aprovechar los momentos de tensión entre musulmanes y no-musulmanes en Europa para concienciar y adoctrinar en la teoría del Califato. Cuando la tensión se relaja, la pauta es publicar famas relativas a la situación de los musulmanes en sociedades no islámicas. Reproducen dichas famas en inglés o traducidas al castellano, y se extraen tanto de las páginas de web asociadas a HuT, como de las consideradas fiables, en su mayoría de orientación salafí.

 According to the reports gathered by El Confidencial Digital, the Mossos d’Esquadra are investigating the Sunni Islamist organization named Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami (HuT) –or Party for the Islamic Liberation-. The number of Islamist groups of this kind is rising on the Internet, and using the WWW to gain supporters, that could be even recruited by the radical Islamism.

HuT was born in Jerusalem in 1953 founded by the Palestinian Taqiuddin al-Nabhani. They are supporters of an Islamic macroState or Caliphate formed by all the countries whose citizens are, mostly, Muslims. Its supporters reject  Western democracy and pretend as a final goal, that the whole world is converted to Islam. The organization has never condemned explicitly any of the terrorist attacks of a Jihadist origin.

In Spain, this Islamist group began its activity during the period 2004-2005 and, in Feb. 2006, when the Mohammen cartoon crisis was happenning, HuT raises its activity and presence both physical and in Internet.

Accrding to the Islamism expert Javier Jordán y Sol Tarrés, who had described for  jihadmonitor.org these movements, the main characteristics of this gruop are:

  1. they normally live in the Autonomous Communities situated in the north of Spain.
  2. they are people with a middle, middle-high, grade of education, with professional qualification and with a high knowledge of Islam, and very strict following of its rules.
  3. Till March 2007, the main way of contacting these supporters is the private e-mail through an Islamist forum in Internet (www[dot]islamenlinea[dot]com/foro]. This web page is based on Kuwait. There were more between 30 and 40 sympathisers of HuT in that forum. Más de la mitad, mujeres. The Civil Guard conducted an opertation against other 2 youths, which maintained web sites with a radical Islamist content. Inmediately, the mentioned forum was closed.

According to the same experts, there are also common characteristics of the way this supporters act in Internet:

  1. Active participation in forums, e-mailing lists and Internet groups (including the Spanish-speaking Shiites), both in religious and social or political subjects. The forums and groups are selected considering the number of people registered and how active they are; they are also considering specially the groups of women converted to Islam the majority of which have a Salafist orientation.
  2. They also sent periodically and simultaneously news related to Islamic world to forums and groups where they take part. The members of HuT insist especially on the news related to Irak y Afganistán, to the Western troops behaviour against the civil population, very hard photos of the terrorist attacks (maimed people, dead children, etc.). They are just stimulating the reject against the “Western imperialism” (specially against Israel and USA).
  3. They also introduce once and again in forums and groups the Caliphate subject and the Islamic obligation to fight for that objective.
  4. They normally use the moments of tension betwen Muslim and non-Muslim communities to raise a concience and to indoctrinate people in the Caliphate theory. When the situation relaxes a bit, they normally publish news related to the situation of Muslims in non-Muslim societies. They reproduce them both in English or in Spanish, and they normally copy them from webpages associated with HuT, or with the ones considered truthful, the majority of which are Salafist.

You can find the original document here [in Spanish].

Also in Minuto Digital, which adds:

HuT promueve a través de su discurso el reclutamiento de muyahidines para combatir en defensa del Islam en escenarios como Chechenia, Palestina, Irak y Cachemira. Concretamente, desde sus sitios web en Estados Unidos, Gran Bretaña, Holanda, Alemania y Pakistán ha animado a sus visitantes a unirse a la yihad en Irak”
El estudio finaliza afirmando que “Afortunadamente la presencia de HuT en España es de momento escasa, con la excepción de Cataluña. Sin embargo, el análisis de este tipo de movimientos debe ser prospectivo. El alcance de las actividades de HuT podría ser mucho mayor en el periodo temporal 2010-2020, con al menos dos o tres millones de musulmanes en España, y con ciertos sectores receptivos a su mensaje tras la labor que ya vienen realizando en las comunidades españolas grupos como la Yama’a al-Tabligh o Justicia y Espiritualidad, y que para entonces será previsiblemente más amplia.”

HuT promots the recruiting of mujahidinesto defend Islam in Chechenia, Palestine, Iraq or Cachemira. From their webpages in USA, UK, Holland, Germany or Pakistan, they have called to a sus visitantes a unirse a la yihad en Irak”
The study ends saying that “Fortunately, the presence of HuT in Spain is very little, except in Cataluña. But […] range of their activities in the period 2010-2020, with 2 or 3 millions of Muslims in Spain, and with some sectors of them very receptive to their message, after the work which are doing in Spanish communities, groups like Yama’a al-Tabligh o Justicia y Espiritualidad, work which presumably will have a broader range in that period“.

panfleto380

And after yesterday, I blogged about the possible conversion to Islam of the general coordinator of Izquierda Unida, Gaspar Llamazares, we have known today that his party is denouncing Popular Party because of the defense this party makes of the “values from the Christian humanism from the Western tradition”, asking how on earth this party can defend Muslims.

They also point out: “according to Aznar (PP), who Juan Vivas (PP) wants to name as Honorable Son of Ceuta, Muslims should ask for forgiveness for the 8 centuries of Al-Andalus“. [in fact the Spanish grammar is not very correct in the panflet…].

Related posts: Online Jihad.

Related posts in other webs:

As reported by MEMRI, the Al-Mohajroon website instructs media jihad as follows: “There is no doubt, my brothers, that raiding American forums is among the most important means of obtaining victory in the fierce media war . and of influencing the views of the weak-minded American who pays his taxes so they will go to the infidel American army. This American is an idiot and does not [even] know where Iraq is . [It is therefore] mandatory for every electronic mujad [to engage in this raiding].”

And again: “Obviously, you should post your contribution . as an American . You should correspond with visitors to this forum, [bringing to their attention] the frustrating situation of their troops in Iraq . You should invent stories about American soldiers you have [allegedly] personally known (as classmates . or members in a club who played baseball and tennis with you) who were drafted to Iraq and then committed suicide while in service by hanging or shooting themselves.

Source: Jihadi Du Jour: Terrorists use Web against ‘idiot’ Americans

________________

En el Blog Jihadi du Jour hacen referencia a los consejos recogidos en el foro Al Mohajroon. En él se dice: “No hay ninguna duda, mis hermanos, que poner muchos mensajes en los foros americanos es uno de los más importantes medios de obtener [la] victoria en la muy fiera guerra de medios y de influir en los puntos de vista de los mentecatos americanos que pagan sus impuestos para que vayan al Ejército americano infiel. Este americano es un idiota que ni siquiera sabe dónde está Irak. Es por tanto obligatorio que todos los muyaidines electrónicos se pogan a trabajar en esta guerra.

[…] Debeis inventar historias que [presuntamente] conoceis casos personalmente de personas que se han ido a Iraq y se han suicidado mientras estaban sirviendo en el ejército ya sea colgándose o disparándose“.

Hmmm, maravilloso, ¿eh? Alianzador, pacífico, etc. Y sobre todo, en busca de la verdad… Un ejemplo más de taquiyya.

Sent to Open Trackbacks: Dumb Ox and Blue Star Chronicles.

abril 12, 2007

The new Internet law

Filed under: internet — Nora @ 8:15 pm
Spanish Socialist Government is going to modify the Internet law. But the web surfers and the writers in the web were surprised (in a bad sense) when it was known that they had  introduced a new article, the 17bis, by which the General Society of Authors and Writers (SGAE, in Spanish) and other gestors of author’s rights could ask the internet providers to block some content, among others the transfers of archives between users (P2P).



But as a result of the unanimous reaction, which was totally opposed to this measure as a result as it is a frontal attack to freedom in the web* (which comes just at the same time as the “canon”, a new tax to make you pay more for the digital hard disks, just in case you copy material which is protected), a new law project has erased that article.



Anyway the Web Surfers Association has asked for an urgent meeting of the CATSI to make the Government inform them about the next modifications. They also want to study the lack of agreement surrounding the canon and other matters about the private copy.



*State Council critisized the project hardly saying that it was a special petition made by SGAE, in a late move and without giving any information to the consumers or to the tecnical consultive council for the information society (CATSI).



Related posts:Censorship made in Spain is coming?



Others writing about this:

  1. Tecnoliberal: SGAE: the worst enemy of the development and the society of information.And SGAE is unsuccesful (for the moment): the article 17 bis retired.
  2. Incompetencia.com: Nobody expects the Spanish… SGAE.


By the way, we have known today that the Interior German Minister has proposed that the Police is given access to the PC’s, without knowing it the user. Wolfrang Shaeble sustains that “the terrorists do not use birds to communicate” and assures that the people are considering this just the sameway.



Big Brother, a little closer…

marzo 15, 2007

Online Jihad

Filed under: Al-Qaeda,internet,terrorismo,terroristas — Nora @ 12:09 pm

Yesterday, I blogged about the Moroccan suicide Jihadi who killed himself because he was not allowed to view Islamist webpages at the cybercafe where he exploded himself (sroll down for it). Today, reading the Counterterrorism blog, I found that:

According to news services, the attack was not aimed at the cybercafe. But two terrorists carrying explosive belts entered the cybercafe to surf the web. They were connected to a terrorism-linked site and the manager wanted to prevent them to do so.
When he approached one of the two terrorists, the suicide bomber decided to activate his bomb. Its accomplice fled but was stopped by Moroccan police. The most credible explanation for what happened last night is that the two terrorists wanted to consult Internet to receive their orders for an attack against another target.

So, are the Governments taking Online Jihad seriously? It’s possible that they haven’t because as MyPetJawa writes they have not been much more worried about this:

They are willing to view the cyber jihadis (occasionally, at least) as criminals. What they have not been willing to concede, to this point, is that they are armed illegal combatants.

While it may seem minor, it is an important distinction. Why? Because if the internet is 1) a field of battle and 2) propaganda on the internet is a weapon of war, then the strategy for confronting it must be military. The first rules of war are to 1) possess better weapons than the enemy and 2) control the battlespace.

As to point 1: is there really any doubt as to whether our geeks possess better internet skillz than the Islamists?

As to point 2: there has been no serious attempt to control the battlespace.

From CBS News:

“Without a doubt, the Internet is the single most important venue for the radicalization of Islamic youth,” says Army Brigadier General John Custer, who is the is head of intelligence at central command, responsible for Iraq and Afghanistan.

Custer says he knows where the enemy finds an inexhaustible supply of suicide warriors. “I see 16, 17-year-olds who have been indoctrinated on the Internet turn up on the battlefield. We capture ‘em, we kill ‘em every day in Iraq, in Afghanistan,” he says. …..

More about Jihad Online here. h/t MNM.

More on Jihad Monitor.org: Propaganda and terrorism on Internet.

There is an special report about Spain: “New indirect menace for Spain” (document in Spain, pdf) In it they are referring to the menace to Spain (about which I blogged here) and comment about how they work:

The Global Islamic Media Front is a virtual Jihadi platform whose characteristics are:

1.- It is a secondary source. It is not used by any group as a transmission channel for their contents. Normally, it uses material that has already been used by other sources, specially by As-Sahab, the authentic communication channel of Al-Qaida.

2.- It distributes its contents through some websites, especially [http: // cvc-online dot blogspot dot com] and [http: // gimlf dot wordpress dot com].

3.- It is not the first time the GIMF mentions Spain. They menaced Spain about Irak and later the Voice of the Caliphate again mentioned it when the journalist Taisyr Alouni was imprisoned on terrorism charges.

Also has blogged about this: Jeremayakovka, who comments about the Yahoo Page mentioned above about the Jihadis online.

In “Terrorspeak”, General Custer warns: As this process matures you’ll start to see the jihadist internet in English … so that more and more Westerners can participate.

One jihadist recruiter preaches, in English: Our words are dead until we give them life with our blood.

____________________________

Yahoo ha puesto online una serie de videos sobre la llamada Jihad Online o Jihad en la web. La web define un nuevo campo de batalla en la que cada vez chicos más jóvenes, son reclutados para los atentados terroristas.

De hecho, el marroquí que hizo explotar su cinturón de explosivos, lo hizo porque el dueño del café no le permitió visitar páginas islamistas. EL cibercafé no era su objetivo: prueba de ello es que ni él ni su compañero explotaron antes su cinturón. Los expertos piensan que la razón del enfado fue que estaban intentando conectarse a la página en la que les iban a decir cuál era su objetivo.

El compañero, después de escaparse, fue detenido por la policía. Esperemos que Marruecos no lo suelte en otro perdón real como ya hizo con el suicida.

De modo que la pregunta es ¿están los gobiernos dedicando los recursos necesarios para contrarrestar este tipo de amenazas? Parece que no: hasta el momento, están más interesados en pillar a los culpables -es decir, después de cometido el delito- que en prevenir los posibles ataques, impidiendo la difusión de sus mensajes a través de los blogs y webs islamistas.


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